Question from a student?
What is plagiarism, and why do universities take it so seriously? If the information that I want is readily available in books and the internet, why can’t I just use it as it is in my assignments?
Many people think of plagiarism as copying another's work, or borrowing someone else's original ideas. But terms like "copying" and "borrowing" can disguise the seriousness of the offense:
According to the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, to "plagiarize" means:
In other words, plagiarism is an act of fraud. It involves both stealing someone else's work and lying about it afterward.
To avoid Plagiarism you need to learn how to acknowledge the resources (books , articles, etc) in your research project/asssignment.
People plagiarize as a result of the following:
What are the consequences of plagiarism?
How to recognize plagiarism?
Type 1: Copy and Paste Plagiarism or Direct Plagiarism
When you: copy a sentence, phrase, or paragraph word for word, but do not quote your source.
Type 2: Word Switch Plagiarism
When you: rephrase a person's work and insert it into your own work without acknowledging its original source. If you take a sentence from a source and change a few works without acknowledging your source, it is still plagiarism.
This is not paraphrasing. For information on how to correctly paraphrase, see When To Cite.
Type 3: Blending Plagiarism
When you: mix words or ideas from an unacknowledged source in with your own words or ideas; mix together uncited words and ideas from several sources into a single work; or mix together properly cited uses of a source with uncited uses.
Type 4: Insufficient Acknowledgement
When you correctly cite your source once, but continue to use the author's work with out giving additional proper citation.
Type 5: Self-Plagiarism
When you: use a paper or assignment completed for one class to satisfy the assignment for a different class. Even if you modify a previous paper or assignment, you must get permission from your professor/ instructor and correctly cite your previous paper.
Ask your librarian or professor. If you are unsure about how to cite source material or whether or not something should be cited, check with your lecturer or librarian; they are the professionals.
Source: University Library of South Alabama