Providing an indication of the quality of your research and scholarly output is considered an important and standard activity when considering career development and seeking funding for research grants. Measurable methods such as citation counts, journal impact factors and researcher specific metrics (collectively referred to as bibliometrics) provide one means of measuring research impact. Should you need to have a bibliometric profile, please contact your Librarian.
Research Impact generally refers to the effect research has in areas outside academia - economy, society, culture, etc. There are some quantitative measures based on citation metrics that are commonly used by academia as an indicator of the influence of research and researchers.
These citation metrics are useful to you as they help you identify key publications and key authors in your field of research. These metrics can also be used to track article impact, journal impact your impact as an author.
- Article Impact measures impact at the article level. It usually is the number of times a paper is cited by others.
- Journal impact measures the average number of articles published and the number of citations the articles received in that journal. It can be used to identify significant journals in a field and it may support publication decisions. The most commonly used metric for measuring a journal is the Impact Factor which is published by Journal Citation Reports (JCR) every year.
- An author’s impact is usually measured by the number of publications the author has authored and the times the author’s publications are being cited by other researchers. Another researcher specific metric is the h-index. Both citation counts and h-index can be retrieved by conducting an author search at the citation databases Web of Science and Scopus. Google Scholar also provides author metrics such as citation counts, h-index and i10-index.
Alternative Metrics or Altmetrics are increasingly used to capture and measure online sharing, mentions, views and downloads of scholarly works in social media such as Twitter, Facebook, Google+, blog post and social bookmarks, etc. Compared to the core citation metrics mentioned above, altmetrics is viewed as one of the ways to measure the immediate impact of a work, especially before citation based metrics are available in citation databases.