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Health Sciences - Optometry: Plagiarism & Copyright

How to Avoid Plagiarism


It involves both stealing someone else's work and lying about it afterward.

To avoid Plagiarism you need to learn how to acknowledge the resources (books , articles, etc) in your research project/asssignment.


Copyright Issues

In order to assist staff, the University has a Copyright Administrator, Mr Thapelo Mashishi. All requests for copyright permission should be routed through the Copyright Administration Office. Lecturers can download the DALRO form to be used for all copyright permission requests.

Copyright Officer: Mr Thapelo Mashishi
  Tel (011) 559-2182

Use "TURNITIN" to Avoid Plagiarism is an internet service that scans student papers for plagiarism. Your lecturer/instructor may require you to submit your work to  

Plagiarism Consequences

  • Plagiarism is unethical becuase it is intellectual theft
  • It is in conflict with the UJ Values of trust and academic integrity
  • It shows disrespect for the rights of the original author
  • It tarnishes the Universities reputation, and diminishes the value of your qualifications
  • It casts suspicion on the honest work of the students

How to Avoid Plagiarism

To Avoid Plagiarism:

  • Never Copy Directly
  • Never Print Directly
  • Never Copy From Other Students

 To Quote a Source:

  • Always Use “Quotation Marks”
  • Always Give Credit to the Source (Citing & Referencing)

To Paraphrase:

  • Always Use Your Own Words,
  • Give Credit to the Source

 To Use Common Knowledge:

  • Always Use Facts Known by Many People
  • No Citations Needed

For further information on ways to improve your writing visit the UJ Writing Centre.

Subject Guide

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Mlungisi Dlamini
University of Johannesburg Library, Doornfontein Campus