There are number of tools/software that one can choose from to analyse data. Such tools include the following, just to name a few:
Excel needs a category on its own since this powerful tool has been in the hands of analysts for a very long time. Often considered as a traditional form of analysis, Excel is still widely used across the globe.
It is very important to acknowledge the sources that the researcher has used in their research. Information that should be included when citing are as follows: the author/creator, the title, publisher, date of publication, the DOI and the page numbers if it is an article, date accessed if it is an online article.
Metadata is made up of a number of elements, which can be categorised into the different functions they support. A metadata standard will normally support a number of defined functions, and will specify elements, which make these possible. A metadata standard may support some or all of the following functions:
Descriptive Metadata enables identification, location and retrieval of information resources by users, often including the use of controlled vocabularies for classification and indexing and links to related resources.
Technical Metadata describes the technical processes used to produce, or required to use a digital object.
Administrative Metadata is used to manage administrative aspects of the digital object such as intellectual property rights and acquisition. Administrative Metadata also documents information concerning the creation, alteration and version control of the metadata itself. This is sometimes known as meta-metadata!
Use Metadata manages user access, user tracking and multi-versioning information.
Preservation Metadata, amongst other things, documents actions, which has been undertaken to preserve a digital resource such as migrations and checksum calculations.
Data publishing is the act of releasing research data in published form for use by others. During the process of publishing data, a publisher can also choose an option of whether they want their data to be private or accessed by the public.
Data preservation refers to maintaining access to data and files over time. For data to be preserved, at minimum, it must be stored in a secure location, stored across multiple locations, and saved in file formats that will likely have the greatest utility in the future
There are a number of data storage methods that one can use to store data. How (the format) and where you store your data is very important. You can store your data in any of the following:
Flash Drive Arrays, Hybrid Flash Arrays; Hybrid Cloud Storage; Backup Software (backing-up your file is also an important part); Cloud Storage (where you can access your data remotely)