Truncation means to make shorter.
After identifying all the possible relevant search terms, decide whether you are going to use truncation (*,?) to extend the search strategy. Truncation may be used to restrict the search to a word stem.
Parentheses are symbols () or "" put around words to show what is inside should be kept together.
Example: “conceptual art” will get different results from conceptual art. Using inverted commas to indicate a phrase will get fewer and better results.
Example of parentheses using brackets