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Library - Information Literacy Module: Tutorial 2: Types of reference sources

Information literacy for UJ students. Start with "1 Why Information Literacy" and end with "9 Writing & Referencing"

STEP 1: Books

Please note: Neo must consult his faculty subject guide for more on subject specific referencing


The order of elements for books require 5 entries:

1 Author
2 Year
3 Title
4 Place of publication
5 Publisher

Example: Smith, E. G. (2013). Essay writing. Johannesburg: College Books.

More than one author: Black, M. & White, J. (2001). Tertiary education: A crisis point. Cape Town: New Books.

Edited books: Black, T. J. (Ed.). (2001). Tertiary education: A crisis point. Cape Town: New Books.

Chapter in edited books:  Green, A. A. (2001). Status of education in the 21st century.  In Tertiary education: A crisis point: 11-20. Edited by White, R. M. Cape Town: New Books.

Further editions: Case, D. O. (2006). Looking for information: A survey of research on information seeking, needs and behaviour. 2nd edition. London: Academic Press.

STEP 2: Electronic sources

Electronic sources:

  • Author (if available)
  • Date (of website or of publication on the website)
  • Title (of the consulted source (web page title) not of the website)
  • Organisation responsible for the website
  • URL (Internet address)


Author, A. A. (2006). Title of the work. [eBrary]. Doi:123456789

Journal articles: 

  • Author surname(s) and initial(s)
  • Year of publication
  • Article title
  • Journal name
  • Volume number and issue number, if available
  • Page numbers
  • The name of the database is also not stated if the article has a doi (digital object identifier).

Vincent, L. (2011). Seducing the people: Populism and the challenge to democracy in South Africa. Journal of Contemporary African Studies, 29(1): 1-15. Available from Swetswise database:


Irino, T. & Tada, R. (2009). Chemical and mineral compositions of sediments. Geological Journal of Mining, 4(16): 56-66. DOI: 10.1594/PANGAEA.726855 

Electronic encyclopedias or dictionaries:

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia . (2013, January 10). Andy Warhol. Available from:

Oxford online dictionaries. (2013).  Sv. 'censorship'. Available from:


World Health Organisation. (2013). Financial crisis and global health, The United Nations. Available from:

Consumers and mass media. (c2015). BBC World. Available from:

Beard, M. (2006). The fall of the Roman Republic. Available from: fallofromanrepublic_article_01.shtml