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Library - Information Literacy Module: Tutorial 3: In-text citation

Information literacy for UJ students. Start with "1 Why Information Literacy" and end with "9 Writing & Referencing"

STEP 1: In-text citation

In-text citation is sometimes also called in-text referencing and means telling the reader where Neo found the information. This is done by giving the author's surname, the year of publication and, if possible, the page number(s), although some sources, such as Internet pages, do not have page numbers.

Example to cite authors in-text:

- Bordeaux (2014:16) states that the Internet is a useful research tool.

- According to Bordeaux (2014:6), the Internet is a useful research tool.

Note: When Neo acknowledges his source in the beginning of a sentence, only the year and page number are enclosed in brackets.
Neo must separate the year and page number with a colon (:) with no spacing in between.

- The Internet is a useful research tool (Bordeaux, 2014:16).

- Black and White (2006:567) argue that...........................

............................ agreement (Black & White, 2006:567).

Note: When acknowledging a source at the end of a sentence the complete in-text reference is enclosed in brackets. End the sentence with the full stop after the in-text reference, as it forms part of the sentence.

Internet sources

- According to The Oxford dictionary (2006) Cubism is defined as…..

- Cubism is defined as……. (The Oxford dictionary, 2006).

- Yahoo (2010) acknowledges that…

- Andy Warhol can be regarded as the father of pop art (Pop art, 2010).