Journal articles are written by researchers or scholars who work in a professional or in an academic field.
An editorial board evaluates articles submitted. Subject specialists decide whether or not the article adds valuable, important or new information to the subject and whether or not the research has been conducted correctly, academically and in an ethical or moral way. Articles thus reviewed or examined are called ‘peer reviewed’.
Journal articles quote sources to substantiate information or statements and also to have an academic reading list of sources consulted for writing the article.